New Swimming Pool Design – What to Consider

New Swimming Pool Design - What to Consider

Building a new pool in your yard is a big investment. Your pool will be the key feature around which you will plan the rest of your outdoor space.

Once you realize the impact that your new pool will have on your home, garden and the lives of your family, you will quickly find that some design features can be essential elements of your pool installation. Think about who will use the pool, how you will use the pool and where the pool will be located in relation to the other features of your property. These starting points will establish the purpose of your pool and help you plan the proper design.


The Association of Pool and Spa Professionals reports that there were almost 8,600,000 private swimming pools in the United States in 2013. The large market for swimming pools in the USA provides a sufficiently large customer base to enable equipment providers to invest in innovations. There are always new developments in swimming pool technology in the pipeline, and new products drive changing consumer trends.

We have organized a rundown of the design elements of pool design and have included the current trends for the implementation of each. Take a look at the following pool design factors, and use it as a guide for your own pool design!

Climate Control

Planning the perfect position for your pool requires information about the movement of the sun during the course of the year. The most obvious location for the pool is close to the back of your house, with a terrace stretching from your living room to the pool. However, if the building casts a year-round shade in that location, you may have to rethink your design so that at least part of your terrace catches sunlight during part of the day.

Shade from the midday sun is a priority if you expect your kids to spend most of the day in the pool, but you’ll need part of the terrace to have direct sunlight for most of the day if your family includes sun lovers. Poolside readers would appreciate a shady location to prevent them from getting blinded from reflected sun bouncing off the pages of their novels. Similarly, outdoor computer users won’t see a thing on the screens of their laptops in direct sunlight.

If possible, plan your pool’s location so that it has parts that are almost always in sunlight and parts that are almost always in the shade. You should also have sunny and shady terrace areas.

Note the movement of the sun during the day. Observe how your building casts a shadow at different times of a day — the shady areas will not be the same all day as the sun moves across the sky from sunrise to sunset. Bear in mind that the height of the sun’s track across the sky varies between summer months and winter months. The shadows cast by your property’s building and trees will fall in different directions at different times of the day.

Permanently exposed areas are easier to adapt than permanently shaded locations. You can provide shade with awnings and parasols. However, you can’t provide artificial sunlight in locations where the sun is blocked out.

Water Heating

Even in warm locations, the water in your pool can remain cold for most of the year. It takes time for the sun to heat up such a large body of water naturally, so getting into your pool without the shock of cold water requires water heating. The managers of public indoor pools always aim to balance the water temperature with the ambient temperature of the hall the pool is contained in. This convention made water heating common in indoor pools and necessary in outdoor pools, because pool users have become accustomed to heated water.

Reflected heat from the walls and floors of swimming pools offers one method of enhancing the heating properties of the sun. Unfortunately, the heat absorption of pool sides can only be improved by painting them black. Human aesthetics find black swimming pools unappealing, and so the color method of increasing pool heat naturally is rarely used.

The Department of Energy reports that gas swimming pool heaters are the most widely used water heating systems for U.S. swimming pools. However, the complexity of installing and maintaining these systems and the cost of gas supplies have driven innovators to find alternative heating methods for pools. Heat pumps cost less to run and operate off electricity, which is easier to run out to the pool site than a gas line.

Environmentally-friendly pool owners want to cut their carbon footprint, and so the trend towards alternative water heating methods is growing. Solar heating systems pull water from the back of the pool filter and push it through solar panels, where it gets heated by the warmth of the sun. The panels are usually located on the roof of a nearby building. Water leaving the panels gets piped back into the pool.

Solar heating systems are cheaper to run than gas or heat pump systems. However, they aren’t no-cost systems because the pumps that circulate the water up to the solar panels and back to the pool must be driven by electricity. The Department of Energy estimates that the lower running costs of solar panels for swimming pool heating will pay back their purchase and installation cost between one and a half to seven years.


Innovative Sites

If you have a tall building and a small plot your backyard may be overshadowed by your home. In a high density neighborhood, you may not be able to avoid permanent shade cast by other properties over your backyard. In these instances, consider installing in the front yard or on the side of your property. You can screen the front yard with high fencing to keep out the prying eyes of passers-by. An enclosed front yard with an eye-catching pool provides an unexpected visual feature to arriving visitors.

By building your pool at the front of your home you can integrate a front pathway into the pool’s design. A pool in the shape of a figure eight­ can be easily crossed by a humped-back pedestrian bridge, or a long, narrow pool fronting the main façade of your home can give the impression of a romantic moat.

If you build your new pool as part of a new home construction you could create an indoor/outdoor pool by setting the pool at the corner of the house and building part of the pool beneath an arcade in the house’s structure. Such a configuration would be particularly beneficial for a pool built in a region of the country that experiences heat year-round. Architects jump at the chance to integrate the pool design into their ideas for your new home’s façade. An integrated design offers endless possibilities for the use of reflections of the building to heighten its visual appeal and light reflected from water can brighten a plain interior.

Wind Shields

The location and form of your pool will be dictated by the space required for buildings on the property, the contours of the land and the space available for the garden. Windy locations present problems that may require wind breaks to solve. Although a cooling breeze can be refreshing, wet skin is more sensitive to wind chill.

If your property is on a hillside, you may get great views, but you are also more likely to get battered by the wind. An edgeless pool overhanging a sloping garden can be visually stunning, but will also introduce maintenance problems. Airborne particles, such as dust and sand will settle on the surface of your pool and eventually sink to the bottom. A constantly replenished surface scum will spoil the appearance of your pool and require you to skim the water frequently in order to regain that glamorous glisten of light playing on the surface of the water.

Buildings, walls and fences provide the most efficient wind breaks and have the added benefit of giving shadows for shade in exposed locations. Although plants might seem more aesthetically pleasing, dead flowers and leaves will get blown into your pool, causing more cleaning work. Evergreen plants offer no better insurance against a stream of dead vegetation blowing into your pool — pine trees shed needles and the seeds in pine cones are equipped to spread with the wind. Those needles and seeds will end up in your pool.

Combine constructed windbreaks with plants. Construction should block the wind and create windless zones where dead petals and leaves will fall directly to the ground rather than across your terrace and into your pool.

Buildings Walls and Fences Provide the Most Efficent Wind Breaks

Extended Season

The cost of maintaining a pool is high and homeowners in colder zones who do not want the expense of heating their pool have taken to “winterizing” their pool rather than running it through the cold months. A winterized pool gets little to no chemical treatments and is usually covered with plastic sheeting for the period that it is out of action. Reviving a winterized pool can be a costly and time consuming task.

Algae grows quickly in untreated water. However, use of a pool shock can turn the brownest pool into an appealing leisure facility in about a week.

A pool built within sight of the house is not easy to overlook. Some homeowners keep maintaining the quality of their pool water through winter. Even though a home may be in a climate that precludes the use of the pool during the winter months, many pool owners consider the winterizing strategy an eyesore and avoid it.


The need to create a safety barrier around a pool — combined with the urge to extend the pool’s season of usability — has made outdoor pool enclosures increasingly popular. Running the pool pump and filling the pool with chemicals just to avoid spoiling the view is a frustrating expense for families paying for a pool that they cannot use. Pool enclosures extend the usable pool season to all year round.

Pool enclosures extend the usable pool season to all year round

The pool enclosure is similar to a large conservatory built over your pool and its surrounding terraces. The structure can be locked to prevent rowdy teens or inquisitive toddlers from entering.

A standard pool enclosure traps the heat, meaning you don’t have to install expensive pool water heaters to keep the pool usable in shoulder season. The greenhouse effect within the enclosure creates an enjoyable, warm air temperature and helps heat up the water in the pool, too.

There is no standard design for the swimming pools of America. As each has to be constructed individually, there are a lot of variations in the shape and size of pools. This factor makes custom pool enclosures very common.

Getting a custom-built enclosure for your pool offers you infinite possibilities to create a unique feature for your home. Your pool enclosure can be attached to your home, or it could be a stand-alone eye-catching feature of a larger garden.

Retractable Enclosures

A pool enclosure turns a high-maintenance outdoor pool into a manageable indoor pool. However, many people enjoy the sensation of fresh air and direct sunlight while they are swimming in their pool. For those who want to enjoy their pool all year, an indoor pool is the best option. Deciding whether to have an outdoor lido or an enclosed pool can split families. Few can afford to build both an indoor pool and an outdoor swimming pool. Retractable swimming pool enclosures bring the best of both worlds.

CSSI International is able to construct pool enclosures with removable roofs. The roof can be made to slide back in sections either through an automatic or a manually operated mechanism. This gives you year-round use of your pool, with an on-demand open air configuration.

When you order a customized retractable enclosure from us, you have the flexibility of being involved in the design from day one while being supported by the experience of our engineers and architects. Stamp your personality on your unique pool enclosure, knowing you have the guarantee of CSSI International’s quality of production. You will be enjoying your swimming pool both indoors and outdoors for years to come.